Up until 1998, the global population’s birth and death rates were about equal, maintaining the population’s size. However, huge increases in human lifespan and the number of people surviving than in the past have been brought about by advancements in health and safety in many nations, as well as other generational development trends.
The following advancements in science and technology during the Industrial Revolution significantly reduced the number of fatalities:
- Increased production and delivery of food
- Improvement of public health (water and sanitation)
- Health Technologies (vaccines and antibiotics)
The subject of ageing, morality, and immorality are extensively covered in the book “100+,” which also examines the benefits and drawbacks of living a long life.
An ageing population has many benefits, including more children who will get to know their grandparents and even their moms. Elderly persons who are in good health can impart their wealth of knowledge to younger generations and contribute significantly to society. However, as a result of individuals living longer, there would be significant strain on the health services. Some of the potential effects are listed below:
AGE-RELATED CHRONIC DISEASES ON THE RISE
Over the next few years, chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and others will kill more people and make them sicker than bacterial or infectious diseases worldwide. Developing countries have also experienced this transformation. As life expectancy rises, it is expected that the prevalence of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease would nearly double every 20 years (CNN).
SUCCESSFUL HEALTH CARE WORKERS ARE IN HIGHER DEMAND
The need for health care is increasing along with the population of elderly Americans. Seniors should be treated globally by specialised medical professionals like geriatricians. By 2030, there will likely be 36,000 more geriatricians needed in the United States alone. There were just about 7,000 geriatricians as of 2008.
DEMAND FOR LONG-TERM CARE IS RISENING
It is anticipated that there would be an increase in the number of elderly and disabled people who require proper nursing homes or assisted living facilities.
The ageing population will encounter numerous changes and challenges throughout the coming decades. Many family members, friends, and/or skilled home care providers help the great majority of elderly Americans stay in their homes while their functional abilities deteriorate.
A pleasant living environment for persons in need of support has been demonstrated by the development of assisted living facilities during the past ten years. Additionally, nursing homes are still an option for people who require additional help, especially with basic daily tasks (ADLs). Older adults can choose to travel or may be forced to move as they get older and develop cognitive decline. Elders may also favour living conditions that enhance their health, safety, and productivity.
The expectation is that the oldest age groups will only start to increase in number and proportion by the year 2050.
The goal of the book “100+” is to learn everything there is to know about longevity, ageing, and how to live for more than 100 years.
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